What is Erectile Dysfunction? Erectile dysfunction is also known as impotence, which refers to the inability to keep a firm erection for the duration of sexual intercourse. It could also be described as having a lack of desire for sex or having problems reaching orgasm. Studies show  this affect 1 in 5 men.

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 Medical Test For Erectile Dysfunction
  1. Nocturnal penile tumescence: It is normal for a man to have 5 to 6 erections during sleep. If such erections occur, it means that there is an intact nerve and blood supply to the penis. This nocturnal erections can be measured by a snap or strain gauge.
  2. Bulbocavernosus reflex test: used to determine if there is an intact nerve system in the penis. When the glands penis is squeezed, there is a normal reflex contraction of the anus.
  3. Blood tests: to assess for diabetes, high cholesterol, testosterone level, kidney disease etc.Urine tests: also to assess for diabetes and kidney disease.
  4. Duplex ultrasound: this ultrasound examination is used to evaluate blood flow into the penis and venous leaks. An injection of prostaglandin is given to induce an erection and a duplex ultrasound is used to measure blood flow.

How To Prevent Erectile Dysfunction

  • taking part in physical exercise, which decreases the risk of impotence
  • avoiding smoking, drugs, or alcohol abuse
  • getting enough sleep
  • following a healthy diet
  • reducing stress, anxiety, and depression
  • Reduce or stop smoking and drinking less
  • strengthening communication in a romantic relationship
  • reducing anxiety
  • exercising more and following a healthy diet

Medications That Cause Erectile Dysfunction

  • central nervous system stimulants, such as cocaine or amphetamines
  • diuretics, such as furosemide (Lasix) and spironolactone (Aldactone)
  • selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs (Prozac, Paxil)
  • synthetic hormones, such as leuprolide (Eligard)
  • alpha-adrenergic blockers, including tamsulosin (Flomax)
  • beta-blockers, such as carvedilol (Coreg) and metoprolol (Lopressor)
  • cancer chemotherapy medications, such as cimetidine (Tagamet)
  • central nervous system depressants, such as alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), and codeine (found in various brand name drugs)

Diseases That Causes Erectile Dysfunction

  • multiple sclerosis
  • stroke
  • temporal lobe epilepsy
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • brain or spinal tumors

Physical Problems That Cause Erectile Dysfunction

  • Tobacco use
  • Alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse
  • Sleep disorders
  • Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
  • Surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord
  • Heart disease
  • Clogged blood vessels (atherosclerosis)
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome — a condition involving increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, body fat around the waist and high cholesterol
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Peyronie’s disease — development of scar tissue inside the penis
  • Certain prescription medications

How To Treat Erectile Dysfunction

How ED is treated depends largely on what is causing it. Your doctor will make an assessment of the likely physical and/or psychological components contributing to the problem of ED and decide on the type of treatment most suitable for you. Treatments (with the exception of testosterone supplementation in those who are testosterone deficient) generally work on a temporary basis, to enable an adequate erection for intercourse, but do not permanently solve the underlying problem.

Prescription Medication For Erectile Dysfunction

There are a variety of medical treatments that can be used to treat impotence. Prescription treatments and other medical interventions to help treat impotence include:

  • sidenafil (Viagra)
  • tadalafil (Cialis)
  • vardenafil (Staxyn, Levitra)
  • testosterone replacement
  • blood vessel surgery
  • psychological counseling

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