What are hemorrhoids? Hemorrhoids are veins in the rectum or around the anus that have been damaged over time due to constant strain. When this constant pressure and strain on the area causes these blood vessels to swell this is known as hemorrhoids. Sometimes Hemorrhoids are referred to at the piles. Also, when you are suffering from hemorrhoids you have swollen veins in the lower part of the rectum and anus. The walls of these vessels are irritated and stretched.
Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids
Besides the obvious swollen tissues on the outside of the anus, these develop blood clots and if they do, become extremely hard and very painful. Other symptoms include:
• Pools of blood in the toilet
• Feeling the hemorrhoids when you sit down
• Blood in the stool
Symptoms of Internal Hemorrhoids
• But you may find streaks of blood in the toilet
• Bright red blood in your stool
• The blood is normally at the end of your bowel movement
How To Prevent Hemorrhoids
– Practice proper toilet sitting. – Proper toilet sitting will prevent hemorrhoids and this can be done by leaning a little forward while raising the balls and toes of both feet on the floor and resting the arms on the laps. This will allow easier feces excretion and will put little strain on the anal region and prevent constipation that leads to hemorrhoids.
– Avoid anal sex. – The pressure of having an object thrust and pulled in a steady and speedy motion will put too much pressure on the anal veins and lead to irritation and swelling. The anal region is not built to take on the kind of pressure that anal sex gives and being subjected to it constantly will only lead to hemorrhoids.
– Add fiber in the diet. -This should be easy to follow as high-fiber foods are always available such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. For the supplements, one can always have the psyllium husks or ground flax seeds. Have eight glasses of water daily and some vitamin E as well to keep constipation and diarrhea at bay.
– Eat right and lose weight. – For the obese and overweight who put too much pressure on their lower back rectum specially while sitting down, running, or doing any other heavy activity, it would be best to lose weight and eat right.
– Avoid sports/physical activities that triggered the development of hemorrhoid. – Causes for hemorrhoids are most obvious in physical activities that involve a lot of lower back and lower torso straining that put a lot of pressure on the rectum region. Motor bikers, weight-lifters, athletes, and other people who are also lifting heavy things need to minimize their activities that would put too much strain on the rectal region.
What Causes Hemorrhoids
– Improper toilet sitting/straining – also answers the question what cause hemorrhoids. When pelvic floor muscles relax and the rectal muscles strain too much during a bowel movement, this can cause hemorrhoids. Too much wiping of the anus, especially when using toilet tissues that are not too soft, also causes hemorrhoids.
– Anal sex – too much pressure on the anal region can also result in the vein’s irritation and lead to swelling and thus cause hemorrhoids.
– High blood pressure – can also cause pressure on the rectum area of the person, thus making one prone to hemorrhoids as well.
– Neural and muscle diseases – people who suffer from intestinal diseases will have more tendency to constipate which can lead to hemorrhoids.
– Genes -weak valve walls and veins also causes for hemorrhoids and some people are born with weak valve walls and veins.
– Age – also answers the question what cause hemorrhoids. Persons above 50 years old are also prone to hemorrhoids because of the loss or weakening of tissue elasticity in their body.
– Obese or overweight – the back pressure on these people builds up in the lower vein area through the portal vein, also called portal hypertension. This also affects pregnant women as well as people suffering from liver diseases.
– Sports and other physical activities – too much physical stress that puts pressure on the lower veins of these people also make people more prone to hemorrhoids. These include carrying or lifting heavy things.
How To Treat Hemorrhoids
Rub on relief. Over-the-counter wipes or creams with witch hazel can soothe pain and itch with no side effects. Don’t use one with hydrocortisone for more than a week unless your doctor says it’s OK.
Take warm baths. Soak in a bathtub filled with a few inches of warm water for about 15 minutes at a time. Do it two or three times a day and after every bowel movement. If you want to wash the area, too, use unscented soap and don’t scrub.
Pat gently afterward to dry. You can even use a blow dryer on a cool setting if that feels better.
There are also special “sitz baths” you can put directly on your toilet seat to make soaking easier.
Ice it. Put a small cold pack on the trouble spot several times a day. It can dull pain and bring down the swelling for a little while.
Choose cotton. Wear loose, soft underwear. It keeps the area aired out and stops moisture from building up, which can bother your hemorrhoid
Consider painkillers. An over-the-counter medicine, like acetaminophen, aspirin, or ibuprofen, could help with soreness.
Don’t scratch. You could damage the skin and make the irritation — and the itching — worse.